Aturan Asyik Mengawinkan Kalimat


(Posting tentang aturan asyik mengawinkan kalimat)

Mengawinkan kalimat (S P atau S P O) dalam Bahasa Inggris mesti mengikuti aturan menggabungkan kalimat standar yang sudah ditentukan. Paling banyak tiga kalimat dapat dikawinkan, dan tiga kalimat ini digabungkan dengan dua kata sambung. Berikut adalah seluruh aturan dimaksud; contoh-contoh kalimat diambil dari berbagai sumber tulisan dan bahan ajar siswa:

1. Dua kalimat mesti dikawinkan dengan satu kata sambung; kata sambung ini bisa diletakkan di awal atau di tengah kedua kalimat; tanda koma digunakan di mana diperlukan:

He was sick, so he stayed home.

He stayed home because he was sick.

Because he was sick, he stayed at home.

2. Paling banyak tiga kalimat dapat dikawinkan, dan tiga kalimat ini digabungkan dengan dua kata sambung:

If a hypothesis withstands testing, we may not conclude that it is true, but we may retain it.

When the body becomes extremely overheated, it fails to cool itself again, and sunstroke can occur.

Lookout ridges are of little value if after the fire is discovered there is no way to get to it quickly because of lack of trails, or no way to call for immediate help.

3. Satu kalimat dapat dikawinkan dengan satu klausa pendek pengganti kalimat (KPPK):

Being sick, he stayed at home.

He stayed at home, being sick and all.

The body becoming extremely overheated, sunstroke can occur.

4. Dua kalimat yang dikawinkan dengan satu kata sambung dapat ditambah dengan satu KPPK:

Becoming extremely overheated, the body fails to cool itself again, and sunstroke can occur.

When the guest entered the house, the father accompanied him, the children watching from a distance.

The police tried to chase the thief, but it was too dark, the moon and the stars nowhere to be seen.

Cat:

Dalam kategori mengawinkan kalimat mana saja di atas, S atau O (atau kedua-dua S dan O) dapat dijelaskan oleh klausa penjelas kata benda (KPKB) atau klausa pendek penjelas kata benda (KPPKB):

The lightest and simplest of the elements, hydrogen has several properties that make it valuable for many industries (kalimat kategori ke-3 dengan tambahan KPKB untuk O-nya).

A self-educated person and philosopher also orphan who wearily travelled China advocating the traditional Chinese way of life, Confucius survived all three of his children and never fulfilled his life-long search for a government post in which he could demonstrate his teachings (kalimat kategori ke-3 dengan tambahan KPKB dan KPPKB untuk O-nya).

The decrease in game can easily be attributed to the recklessness of early colonists who could be found selecting haunches of venison and leaving the rest of the carcass to their dogs, giving wild geese to the dogs as well, and burning canebreaks thereby destroying the habitat of many game animals and birds (kalimat kategori ke-3 dengan tambahan KPKB untuk O dari kata depan of).

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